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Clear Gospel Campaign
by Ronald R. Shea, Th.M., J.D
Topics Touching the Message of Salvation
— Repentance —
Curriculum Outline and Study Guide | Resurrection | Assurance | Baptism | The Bema | Calvinism | The Gospel Message & Content of Saving Faith | The Creator | Dispensationalism | Eternal Security | Evangelism & Discipleship | Expiation, Propitiation and Redemption | Faith | Fruit . .. Don't you need it? | Grace | Hebrews 10 | Hebrews 6:1-15 | Heirship and Rewards | James 2:14-26 | Jesus is God | 1st John | John MacArthur | Justification | Bilateral Contract Salvation or "Lordship Salvation" | The Market Driven Church | Perseverance of the Saints | Predestination and Free Will | Public Confession of Christ | Regeneration | Repentance | Roman Catholicism | Salvation | Sanctification | The Sheep and Goats Judgment | Silly Gospel Substitutes | "Sovereign" (Irresistible) Grace | Stewardship of the Gospel Message | The Modern "Testimony" | The Ten Commandments: Their Relationship to the Believer | Theology and Doctrine | Total Depravity and `The Bondage of the Will` | Worship Music | Appendix I: Church History from a Free Grace perspective
Introduction and Overview of Repentance
Confusion Over Repentance 3
Repentance in a Nutshell
In a Nutshell, Repentance in the Old Testament
In a Nutshell -- Repentance in the New Testament
Generic Repentance
What Is Saving Repentance?
Repentance: Looking at the Context
Repentance and the Divinity of Jesus, Part 1
Repentance and the Divinity of Jesus, Part 2
Repentence and the Divinity of Jesus, Part 3
Savins Repentnace About the Person and Work of Christ
Repentance and Jesus' Offer of Salvation
Repentance from Religion, Matthew 3:5-9 Part 1
Rep;entance from Religion, Matthew 3:5-9 Part 2
Repentance from Religion: Matthew 3:5-9, Part 3
Repentance from self righteousness: Luke 13:4-5
Repentance from Self Righteousness, Luke 13:4-5
Repentence from Self Righteousness, Luke 13:4-5
Repentance from Religious Ritiuals, Hebrews 6:1-2
Repentance from Religious Rituals, Hebrews 6:1-2
Repentance and Jesus' Offer of Salvation, Summary
Repentance from Sin
Why Would God Need a Bull Horn?
Repentance throughout the New Testament, Introduction
Repentance in Matthew 3
Repentance in Matthew 4:17
Repentance in Matthew 9:13
Repentance in Matthew 11:20-24
Repentance in Matthew 12:41
Repentance in Matthew 21:29
Repentance in Matthew 27:3
Repentance in Mark 1:4
Repentance in Mark 1:15
Repentance in Mark 2:17
Repentance in Mark 6:12
Repentance in Luke 3:3
Repentance in Luke 3:8
Repentance in Luke 5:32
Repentance in Luke 10:13
Repentance in Luke 11:32
Repentance in Luke 13:3, 5
Repentance in Luke 15:7
Repentance in Luke 16:30
Luke 17:3-4
Repentance in Luke 24:47
Repentance in Acts 2:38
Repentance in Acts 3:19
Repentance in Acts 5:31
Repentance in Acts 8:22
Repentance in Acts 11:18
Repentance in Acts 13:24
Repentance in Acts 17:30
Repentance in Acts 19:4
Repentance in Acts 20:21
Repentance in Acts 26:20
Repentance in Romans 2:4
Repentance in Romans 11:29
Repentance in 2 Corinthians 7:8-10
Repentance in 2 Corinthians 12:21
Repentance in 2 Timothy 2:25
Repentance in Hebrews 6:1
Repentance in Hebrews 6:6
Repentance in Hebrews 7:21
Repentance in Hebrews 12:17
Repentance in 2 Peter 3:9
Repentance in Revelation 2:5 (2x)
Repentance in Revelation 2:16
Repentance in Revelation 2:21-22
Repentance in Revelation 3:3
Repentance in Revelation 3:19
Repentance in Revelation 9:20 & 21
Repentance in Revelation 16:9 & 11
Appendix C, Repentance as a Condition for Salvation, pg. 1
Appendix C: Repentance as a Condition for Salvation, pg. 2
Appendix D - Repentance from Sin in the New Testament
Appendix E, Other Theological Usages of Repentance in the New Testament
Appendix F: Generic Repentance in the New Testament

Repentance in Luke 17:3-4


3       Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him.

4       And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him.


Subject Repenting, not repenting, etc.:        A "brother" (fellow believer).


Object of that repentance: In some degree, the repentance relates to trespass or wrong committed against a second brother.  The word is metanoeisei (from metanoeo, "change one's mind").  It does not suggest remorse, but an acknowledgment that the conduct was indeed a trespass.  It is owning up to the fact that the trespass was not within the right of the offending party, but violated some boundary or right of the offended party.  As noted earlier, the fact that the term "repent of your sins" is never found in scripture does not mean that repentance from sin is unbiblical.  The point was simply that repentance does not take sin as its inherent object, and since the phrase "repent of your sins" is never actually found in Scripture, the prominence of this phrase in modern vernacular is clearly overdone.


Consequence of repentance:       The offended brother is to forgive the offender.


NOTE:      Several  observations are in order regarding this passage.  Firstly, it is specifically not a soteriological passage.  It deals with restoring fellowship between two believers.  Secondly, the nature of the repentance is not expressly stated.  All that is known is the root word, "metanoeo," and that the repentance was directed to, or at least somehow related to a "trespass."  Thirdly, the word "strepho" ("I turn") is part of the repentance process for restoring fellowship.  As noted earlier, the word "repent" does not mean "to turn" but "to change one's mind."  It was also noted, however, that the central issue is not this basic definition of repentance, but the object of repentance.  Words have a "field of meaning."  For example, the word "run" can mean to move one's feet quickly to transport oneself.  "Run" also describes a wrist watch or piece of machinery that is functional and operating.  If one were to draw a circle that encompassed the meanings of the word "run," and another circle that encompassed the meaning of the word "function" or "operate," the circles would not be superimposed on top of each other.  However, the field of meaning of the terms "run" and "operate" would overlap.


It is noteworthy that, although the Majority Text and the Textus Receptus normally agree, the King James rendition of the Textus Receptus, "turns to you" is, oddly enough, more consistent with the reading of the Alexandrian manuscripts.  The words "to you" are not in the Majority text reading.  Accordingly, we are not certain if the turning is "to you" (to the offended brother), "from sin" (unstated), or is simply a re-assessment of his words or conduct, recognizing that they were, in fact, offensive.  Although the object of repentance is unstated in Luke 17:4, it reasonably appears from the context to be the sin committed against a brother.  Since the object of "turning" is not specifically stated in the Majority Text, the extent to which the meaning of metanoeo and strepho overlap in this context is not certain.  It appears, however, that there is some redundancy in the use of these terms.

Luke 17:3-4


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